Prior to seeing how to convert solar energy into power, let’s understand what solar energy basically is.
The hydrogen atoms present in the sun’s core merge to transform into helium and produce energy in a process termed as nuclear fusion. Amid nuclear fusion, the sun’s to a great degree high pressure and temperature make hydrogen atoms break into pieces and their nucleus (the focal centres of the atoms) to fuse or merge. Four hydrogen cores combine to end up plainly as one helium atom. Yet, the helium molecule contains less mass than the four hydrogen atoms that combine. Some matter is lost amid this process. The lost matter is discharged into space as radiant energy. It takes a huge number of years for the energy in the sun’s core to advance towards the sun’s surface, and after that only barely eight minutes to venture to every part of the 93 million miles to earth. The sun powered energy goes to the earth at a speed of 186,000 miles per second, at the speed of light.
Just a little bit of the energy transmitted by the sun into space hits the earth, one portion in two billion. However, this measure of energy is tremendous. Consistently enough energy strikes the United States to supply the country’s energy requirements for one and a half years! Where does this energy go? Around 15 percent of the sun’s energy that hits the earth is reflected over into space. Another 30 percent is utilised to evaporate water, which, sent back into the atmosphere, produces precipitation. Sun produced energy likewise is consumed by plants, the land and the seas. The rest could be utilised to supply our energy needs.
Solar energy is radiant energy that is a creation of sun. Consistently, the sun transmits, or radiates, a gigantic measure of energy. The sun transmits more energy in one moment than individuals have utilised since the start of time! Where does the energy originate from that continually transmits from the sun? It originates from inside the sun itself. Like different stars, the sun is a major chunk of gases––mostly hydrogen and helium atoms.